A British ‘Mx.’ tape

Mx. is an honorific growing in popularity

The UK is obsessed with honorifics.

Remember, this is the land of barons, earls, ladies, sirs and the ultimate, HRH — "Her Royal Highness." But even if you can't claim HRH, selecting "Mr." or "Mrs." or "Miss" is a standard part of filling out many forms and documents.  

Very often, these titles are gendered. But what if you don't identify with either gender? Or what if you don't want to reveal your marital status?

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Some folks are trying to ensure that you don't have to be a doctor or a reverend to claim a gender-neutral title.

This week on the podcast, we take a look at the campaign for the gender-neutral honorific "Mx." in the UK. Where does the honorific come from? And how has language and gender been debated in the UK since the days of Shakespeare? 

This is the first episode in a three-part series exploring language and gender, "From ‘Mx.’ to ‘hen’: When ‘masculine’ and ‘feminine’ words aren’t enough." Additionally, for this series, we teamed up with Across Woman's Lives for more in-depth stories about language and gender around the globe.

This piece is part of a series about the intersection of gender and language, "From ‘Mx.’ to ‘hen’: When ‘masculine’ and ‘feminine’ words aren’t enough," a collaboration between Across Women's Lives and the World in Words podcast. Read the first digital story in the series:How do you talk about gender when the words ‘simply don’t exist’ in your language?

Podcast Contents

00:01 BBC Producer Leo Hornak and Nina Porzucki go to Bar Wotever, a queer cabaret night at the Royal Vauxhall Tavern in south London.

00:37 Nina and Leo ask members of the audience about using the honorific Mx.

01:37 Leo tries to sign up for a new bank account using the honorific Mx.

03:40 Meet Shai Jacobs. They go by the pronouns "they/them/their," and they hate titles. Shai is one of a growing number of people using Mx.

Outside of the Royal Vauxhall Tavern in south London.
Outside of the Royal Vauxhall Tavern in south London.Nina Porzucki

04:03 “What’s nice about Mx. as a title is that it tells you nothing about a person. It doesn’t tell you their gender; it doesn’t tell you their marital status; it doesn’t tell you their qualifications or not. In the widest possible sense, it is for everyone,” says Shai.

04:21 How do you pronounce Mx?

04:45 Shai has been tracking the rise of Mx. in the UK.

05:54 Shai describes the process of trying to get their bank to use Mx.

A very giddy Leo Hornak on the way to see a first edition of Shakespeare's Sonnets in Oxford.
A very giddy Leo Hornak on the way to see a first edition of "Shakespeare's Sonnets" in Oxford.Nina Porzucki

06:40 Shai flirted with the idea of becoming a reverend to use the gender-neutral title “Rev.”

07:40 Feminist activist Julie Bindel is not a fan of Mx.           

08:40 Julie believes there’s something anti-feminist about Mx.

10:36 “I think that part of what people who don’t experience gender dysphoria don’t get is that this isn't a lifestyle choice,” says Shai.

11:17 Protest against Julie at the Royal Vauxhall Tavern


Nina Porzucki and Andy Kesson look at a 1609 first edition of Shakespeare's Sonnets
Nina Porzucki and Andy Kesson look at a first edition of "Shakespeare's Sonnets" published in 1609.Leo Hornak

13:00 Back in the 1980s, Julie was involved in a campaign for the acceptance of another honorific: “Ms.”

17:20 Leo continues to sign up for a bank account. He searches for Mx. on the bank’s list of acceptable titles.

18:36 Andy Kesson is a scholar of Renaissance literature at the University of Roehampton. He explains debates about gender that took place in the 16th and 17th centuries.

A copy of the first edition of Shakespeare's Sonnets published in 1609.
"Sonnet 20" comes in the middle of the first edition of "Shakespeare's Sonnets" right after a sequence of love poems apparently written to a beautiful man but before a sequence of poems apparently written to a beautiful woman.Leo Hornak

21:20 We go to Oxford University’s Bodleian Library to see a 1609 first edition copy of "Shakespeare’s Sonnets" to read "Sonnet 20: A woman’s face with Nature’s own hand painted." 

22:30 “The poem addresses someone who is devastatingly beautiful and who keeps slipping between the cracks of gender binaries,” says Andy.

23:00 Andy gives a close reading of "Sonnet 20."

23:45 "Sonnet 20" by William Shakespeare

25:00 We contact Leo’s bank about including Mx.

26:00 Credits and coda

Big thanks to engineer Tina Tobey, Jonathan Dyer, Anna Pratt, Andrea Crossan, Lauren Rothering and Jodi Gersh.

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