Divers under the sea

Shipwrecked scent: A perfumer re-creates a 150-year-old fragrance

A ship called the Mary Celestia sank in 1864 off the coast of Bermuda. About 150 years later, divers visiting the shipwreck uncovered a perfectly preserved bottle of perfume. Perfumer Isabelle Ramsay-Brackstone worked to re-create the 150-year-old scent.

The World

A diver visits the location where the Mary Celestia sank off the coast of Bermuda. 

Courtesy of Chris Burville, Look Bermuda

A century-old bottle of perfume

Divers visiting a shipwreck in 2011 off the coast of Bermuda discovered a perfectly preserved bottle of perfume, complete with the branding of a chic London parfumerie of the day.


Courtesy of Lili Bermuda

In 1864, a ship called the Mary Celestia, a Civil War blockade runner, sank off the coast of Bermuda.

About 150  years later, in 2011, divers visited the wreck and discovered something unusual: a bottle of perfume that was almost perfectly preserved, complete with the branding of a chic London parfumerie of the day. 

For Isabelle Ramsay-Brackstone, a perfumer and owner of Lili Bermuda fragrances in Bermuda, the discovery was like finding buried treasure. Since then, Ramsay-Brackstone has been working to re-create the historical fragrance.

Ramsay-Brackstone says it wasn’t exactly love at first sniff when she popped the perfume bottle’s stopper for the first time — thanks to more than a century’s worth of decomposition. 

“Anything that’s 150 years old is not going to smell very good,” she told The World. 

“When I opened it, it did smell like rotten pirate’s feet. It was truly one of the most disgusting things I had ever smelled,” she said. 

Ramsay-Brackstone took the perfume to a lab in the United States, where it was analyzed with gas chromatography, a technique that reveals individual compounds within a mixture. Using that information, along with historical research, Ramsay-Brackstone worked to reverse-engineer the original scent. 

But perfume-making has changed dramatically over the years. The scent was originally designed to be worn on clothing, not directly on skin. It would have included harsh, dangerous solvents that Ramsay-Brackstone replaced with more modern, safer alternatives.

“People were wearing those fragrances on their gloves, on their scarves, and it would cover them from the stench of walking in the streets of London,” she said. “When we looked at the composition, I mean, that stuff was toxic to wear on skin. It would go right through your skin.”

A woman and a man look at a perfume bottle.

Isabelle Ramsay-Brackstone (left), a perfumer and owner of Lili Bermuda fragrances, worked with fellow perfumer Jean Claude Delville (right) to anlayze the fragrance in a lab in the United States.


Courtesy of Lili Bermuda

Ramsay-Brackstone’s version of the fragrance is what she describes as a “simple fragrance” — grapefruit, orange flower, rosewood and other notes. It has since become a personal favorite of hers.

“I love that fragrance with all my heart,” she said. “When I wear it, I always feel I am in the presence of something that’s bigger than me. I don’t call it my own per se. It belongs to another era, it belongs to another time, and it belongs to the people of Bermuda.” 

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