After 50 days of fighting between Hamas and Israel, the two sides agreed to lay down their arms and begin negotiations within a month. In the meantime, some things are easing back into their normal routines.
One of those routines is the daily transfer of goods from Israel to Gaza. There’s only one crossing where goods from the outside world get into Gaza, so everything that goes into Gaza — from food to furniture to Jacuzzis — passes under the watchful eyes of a stout Israeli man with a ponytail.
During every day during the recent war, except one, Ami Shaked and his staff at the Kerem Shalom crossing were working to send in basic necessities, whatever the UN or others donated. But they sent only the basics — to minimize the risk they were under while rockets flew overhead.
“I think that I have to take a risk to supply them food and medical aid and fuel and cooking gas," he says. "But I don’t have to sacrifice my people to supply them Coca-Cola or some special chocolate for the people of Hamas."
Shaked has been making these kinds of strict provisioning decisions for seven years, ever since Hamas took over Gaza. Israel and Egypt began blockading Gaza and placing stringent restrictions on trade. There are almost no exports, and imports can only move in through this crossing.
Some call Gaza an open air prison, but Shaked rejects that label. “I am not a jailer," he says. "But as one that wants to live, I will not supply my enemy equipment for his industry to introduce rockets to shoot to my people and my family."
So whatever is brought to his crossing, from goods ordered by Gaza businesses to international aid, is strictly inspected to make sure there’s nothing there that Hamas can use for military purposes. That even includes tomato paste: On a recent day, inspectors called Shaked over to look at a vat of the stuff they think looks unusual. Shaked ruled in favor of the paste.
Such rulings are only one reason the process of moving goods into Gaza is byzantine and bizarre. The crossing is made up of nine open-air parking lots surrounded by high concrete walls. Each one has two sliding gates on opposite ends.
Israeli truck drivers come through one gate, unload goods onto the pavement and leave. Then Shaked and his security officers inspect the goods. When they're sure everything is kosher, a security officer tells all the Israelis to leave the lot.
The gate slowly slides shut, creating a kind of “airlock” between the Israeli and Palestinian sides. Finally the gate on the opposite side opens and Palestinian truck drivers come in to load the goods and drive them into Gaza. There’s no human contact between the two sides.
“Even [though] there is no trust between us, we have to cooperate in this mission and this is the main idea," Shaked says. "We work together but we are working alone."
Working together but working alone — that pretty much sums up the relationship between Israel and Gaza.
Now that Israel and Hamas have agreed to a ceasefire, imports are ramping back up beyond the basics. Israel said it would start allowing materials into Gaza to help repair destroyed building, though it wants special monitoring for cement and other things that can be put to military use. So for now, it’s just wood and aluminum and minor building materials that Israel is allowing.
And, for the first time since the war, Gaza importers are importaing other stuff. Shaked asked one truck driver what he was transporting. The answer: Sporting equipment. Shaked opened the box and found a weightlifting machine. “So you see,” he says, “it’s almost [a] return to normal life.”