This Nicaraguan journalist is still reporting in exile

The World
three men in suits stand on the set of a television show

Nicaraguan police raided one of the last remaining independent media outlets in the country in December 2018. The increasingly authoritarian government of President Daniel Ortega is desperate to silence anyone who dares to challenge them, calling the opposition "terrorists."

When Nicaragua’s Sandinista Revolution overthrew dictator Anastasio Somoza in 1979, Ortega, then a Marxist guerrilla leader, became the country’s president. He was voted out in 1990, only to return to the presidency again in 2006: he has wielded power ever since.

Related: 'Everyone is an enemy who's deserving of death, rape and jail': Death squads have returned to Nicaragua

Supreme court judge Rafael Solis, a long-time member of Ortega’s Sandinista Front party, recently resigned in protest. In a three-page letter, he accused Ortega of creating a “state of terror.” The letter also said: “I fought against a dictatorship and I never believed that history would repeat itself.”

Beginning in April 2018, hundreds of thousands of Nicaraguans took to the streets, demanding an end to the Ortega regime. The student-led protests were spurred by an order from President Ortega that increased taxes while reducing pensions. Security forces responded with a brutal, murderous crackdown.

Human rights groups say at least 300 protesters have been killed, with more in jail or missing. Last month, the US imposed economic sanctions on Nicaraguan officials for their part in the violent repression of anti-government protesters.

Loyalists to Ortega in Congress stripped nine civic organizations of their legal status and seized their computers and other documents. Ortega also targeted journalists, asserting that they were the ones fueling the protests and inciting violence.

Ortega's media crackdown

Journalists have been beaten, jailed and their families threatened. One of the journalists who was arrested was the country’s well-known political commentator, Jaime Arellano.

His political program, "Jaime Arellano en La Nación," featured economists and politicians who were invited to analyze the state of the country. The weekly show had more than a million viewers.

Related: Nicaragua protests threaten an authoritarian regime that looked like it might never fall

Arellano, 59, went to Miami with his son to seek medical treatments as a result of his migraines and high blood pressure, just weeks before police stormed his TV news station, 100% Noticias, in Managua on Dec. 21, 2018. It was one of the last bastions of free speech in the nation — now only government-owned or controlled stations remain.

According to Arellano and media reports, the journalists were accused of "inciting hate and violence,” by being critical of the regime, but they refused to be intimated.

"The government started going after us," Arellano said. "We had military outside the TV station, throwing rocks and firing bullets. The military would stand outside our house, they'd detain us, then let us go.”

Related: Violence drives increasing numbers of Nicaraguans to the US

Ortega has blamed independent media for fomenting civil unrest for years. Before the most recent crackdown, Arellano says the government first tried to bribe him to keep quiet, and later made several attempts to kill or maim him by sabotaging his car. Arellano also claims that he has been directly threatened by armed men on several occasions and that bullets have been fired at, and hit, his vehicle. But despite operating under such duress, 100% Noticias didn’t budge. Up until they were forced to close, they continued broadcasting.

Will you support The World?

There is no paywall on the story you just read because a community of dedicated listeners and readers have contributed to keep the global news you rely on free and accessible for all. Will you join the 314 donors who’ve stepped up to support The World? From now until Dec. 31, your gift will help us unlock a $67,000 match. Donate today to double your impact and keep The World free and accessible.