Carles Puigdemont

People hold a Catalonian independence flag, as they march during a demonstration to mark the fourth anniversary of a failed independence referendum, in Barcelona, Spain, late Friday, Oct. 1, 2021. 

Struggle for self-determination: Part I

Critical State, a foreign policy newsletter by Inkstick Media, takes a deep dive into independence movements, with a spotlight on new research about Catalonia.

Struggle for self-determination: Part I
People protest after former president Carles Puigdemont was detained in Germany, during a demonstration held by pro-independence associations in Barcelona, Spain March 25, 2018.

Former Catalan president Carles Puigdemont to appear in German court after protests flare

Former Catalan president Carles Puigdemont to appear in German court after protests flare
People wait a line as long as three business fronts to vote in Catalonia's regional elections.

Moment of truth for independence drive as divided Catalonia votes

Moment of truth for independence drive as divided Catalonia votes
Pro-unity supporters take part in a demonstration in central Barcelona

Massive crowds turn out for an anti-independence rally in Barcelona

Massive crowds turn out for an anti-independence rally in Barcelona
Demonstrators gather outside the Catalan regional parliament in Barcelona, Oct. 27, 2017.

Catalonia's lawmakers vote for independence from Spain

Catalonia's lawmakers vote for independence from Spain
Ada Colau

Barcelona’s mayor is on a quest to 'feminize' politics amid independence debate

The conflict between proponents of Catalan independence and Spanish unity has reached a head this week, as Catalan President Carles Puigdemont continues to threaten to declare unilateral independence while Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy takes steps to revoke the region’s autonomy. Almost daily pro- and anti-independence rallies throughout the country echo the leadership’s division, only ratcheting tensions.

Barcelona’s mayor is on a quest to 'feminize' politics amid independence debate
People wave Catalan flags during a demonstration organized by Catalan pro-independence movements following the imprisonment Jordi Sanchez and Jordi Cuixart, in Barcelona, Oct. 21, 2017.

Catalan party threatens 'massive' civil disobedience against Spain

Catalonia's parliament will hold a plenary session on Thursday to decide its response to the central government's move to dismiss the region's government while other independence activists have promised civil disobedience.

Catalan party threatens 'massive' civil disobedience against Spain
Spain's Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy speaks during a press conference in Madrid

Spain says it will dismiss Catalonia's government and call elections

Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy said Saturday that his government will move to dismiss Catalonia's separatist government and call fresh elections in the region in a bid to stop its leaders from declaring independence.

Spain says it will dismiss Catalonia's government and call elections
Students wear Catalan flags as they block a street during a protest in Barcelona.

How Spain could suspend autonomy in Catalonia

Spain's vow Thursday to take over at least part of Catalonia's regional powers due to its drive for independence would involve triggering the never before used Article 155 of Spain's constitution.

How Spain could suspend autonomy in Catalonia
Spain's Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy is seen delivering a statement on a television screen at a bar in Barcelona, October 11, 2017.

Spain vows 'all options' open in Catalonia crisis talks

Spain's government vowed to examine "all options" Wednesday in a crisis cabinet meeting hours after Catalonia's leaders said they had a mandate to declare independence but put it on hold, plunging the country into unknown territory.

Spain vows 'all options' open in Catalonia crisis talks
Catalan President Carles Puigdemont arrives for a cabinet meeting at the regional government headquarters in Barcelona, October 10, 2017.

Spain braces for Catalan independence showdown

Spain's worst political crisis in a generation comes to a head on Tuesday as Catalonia's leader could declare independence from Madrid in a move likely to send shock waves through Europe.

Spain braces for Catalan independence showdown
The World

Chronicle of a crackdown on Catalonia's independence vote

Journalist Gerry Hadden offers a firsthand look, from a Barcelona polling center, at Spanish police's violent operations to disrupt the outlawed referendum on Catalan independence.

Chronicle of a crackdown on Catalonia's independence vote