Al Shabaab said their gunmen were behind the attack on Westgate shopping mall in the Kenyan capital Nairobi that killed at least 62 people.
If the goal is carnage, Boko Haram has had its best year ever.
Boko Haram, once a local militant group, is now coordinating with Al Qaeda in other parts of Africa.
Somalia’s Al Shabaab is sending fighters to aid Al Qaeda in Yemen. They are returning as trained terrorists.
Rising from the chaos of Somalia, Al Shabaab has become Africa’s most dangerous and far-reaching Al Qaeda affiliate.
Local militants groups are hitching onto Al Qaeda’s ideology, giving it new theaters of operation.